La Paz, Bolivia

Geography

According to Allcitycodes, the city of La Paz is settled in a valley on the banks of the Choqueyapu River, which crosses the city from north to south, and of small rivers that are born on the high slopes and deposit their waters along the path of this river that flows towards the Bolivian north. On its way through the city it is highly polluted with all kinds of waste, especially industrial, so that along its riverbank, in the city, it constantly gives off unpleasant odors. [26] In the Cordillera Real (east of the city) is the Illimani(6462 meters above sea level | masl), whose silhouette has been the emblem of the city since its foundation. [27]

The city center is surrounded by neighborhoods that were built on the peripheral slopes giving the city a funnel appearance. Most of these neighborhoods were created by internal emigration that occurred in the late 1960s and early 1970s (last years of the Bolivian dictatorship). This made many people from the countryside emigrate to the city looking for a better future and thus they settled in the surroundings of the city of La Paz and the peripheral neighborhoods were created. Today, many of them are within the “Barrios de Verdad” program carried out by the municipal government to improve physical conditions and thus improve the quality of life of its residents. It can be said that La Paz is a multicultural city where Aymara, Quechuas and mestizos coexist,

Climate

The climate of the city is high mountain temperate. The annual average temperature is about 16 ° C. La Paz has an average rainfall of 575 mm, with January being the rainiest month of the year. The rains are concentrated seasonally from December to April. On average the warmest month is November while the coldest month is July.

The spring season in La Paz registers an average maximum temperature of 22 ° C and an average minimum temperature of 5 ° C. In spring the climate is humid and temperate, more stable than in other seasons, in summer the climate is warm to hot, at night and at dawn there are rains, especially during the transition of seasons, from summer to autumn. Fall weather is a bit cold and dry. Finally the winter is wet and cold.

Political and administrative division

Macro-districts of the municipality of La Paz

The municipality of La Paz is divided, for its administration, into 9 macro-districts, each of them under the supervision of a sub-mayor and an authority called sub-mayor, through these entities some administrative activities are decentralized.

Urban macro-districts

The urban macro-districts number seven and are found in the extreme south of the municipality, they concentrate most of the population.

Rural macro-districts

The Hampaturi and Zongo macro-districts correspond to the rural area of the municipality and occupy the largest area of the municipality.

Description of the city

The center of the city of La Paz has three main points where much of the economic and social life of the city takes place. These points are:

  • The Plaza Murillo, which is the site of the buildings of the Executive and Legislative powers of Bolivia.
  • The atrium of the Basilica of San Francisco is considered one of the main social meeting places in the city, because next to the Plaza Mayor (with which it adjoins) it is the most important area of ​​social expression, where members and affiliates usually meet. from institutions such as the Central Obrera Boliviana (COB).
  • The Pérez Velasco footbridge, which connects the Evaristo Valle pedestrian street and the beginning of Comercio Street, the sector, in which the Plaza Lucio Pérez Velasco was previously located, has in its vicinity an important embarkation and disembarkation point for passengers arriving or They go to the neighboring city of El Alto.

The center is also characterized by following the traditional checkerboard design used by the Spanish for the cities in the colony. Around the Plaza Murillo are some of the oldest buildings in the city and the most important museums, as well as other historical places. The expansion of the city was developed through winding roads due to the particular topography of the city, creating the current characteristic appearance.

Avenida 16 de Julio El Prado, with numerous well-preserved gardens, is part of the longitudinal axis that makes up the structure of the city, crosses the current center and has historically been consolidated as the nerve center of communications, entertainment, commerce and finance in La Peace.

The city of La Paz is characterized by its multiple bridges that connect neighborhoods due to its irregular topography, such as the Trillizos bridges that link the east and west side of the city crossing the Choqueyapu River.

Coming from the south, a long canyon of medium depth cuts through part of the city and forms a spectacular landscape. This canyon (now converted into a park, and like much of the Central Urban Park) is home to one of the most attractive places in the city: Laikakota Park, which is a hill that rises from the canyon and from whose top you can see great part of the city. [28] In this, various remodeling works have been carried out along with the construction of an elevated viewpoint promenade, which runs through most of the park and offers a view of the entire city.

The city has a main square, called Pedro Domingo Murillo during the 20th century in honor of the main hero of the Revolution of July 16, 1809 for the independence of the country. This square and its surroundings are an important tourist place and the main meeting place for people. The city also has different colonial temples, including the Church of San Francisco, part of the conventual complex of the same name, built between the 16th and 18th centuries, its architecture is a notable example of the style called mestizo baroque or Andean baroque in Bolivia.

Due to the characteristic topography of the city, the population initially spread along the banks of the Choqueyapu River, forming three sectors: the east slope, the west slope and the south of the city, the east and west sectors are characterized by developing in areas of medium and high slope reaching heights of up to 4000 meters above sea level, the southern area has an average altitude of 3200 meters above sea level, a height that in its development towards the southeast increases until it reaches 3800 in the areas adjacent to the municipality of Palca.

The areas of Miraflores and Sopocachi were neighborhoods traditionally destined for housing, with the increase in population of the city, the single-family houses that characterized it have been replaced by multi-family buildings, a similar situation characterizes the southern area of the city.

Through the area of Villa Fátima, you can access the subtropical territory of the municipality, the Yungas, tropical and the department of Pando.

Currently, the City of La Paz has several cable car lines that especially connect the central area with the city of El Alto and the southern area with Ciudad Satélite, which is located in El Alto.

La Paz, Bolivia

La Paz, Bolivia
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