New Jersey State Facts, Symbols and History
New Jersey Fast Facts
Capital: Trenton (pop. 82,804) (2011 est.)
New Jersey population: 8,864,590 ( 2012 est.) (11th)
The New Jersey Quarter The New Jersey Quarter is the third quarter released in the United States Mint’s 50 State Quarters® series of Programs.New Jersey was admitted to the Union on December 18, 1787, becoming our National 3rd State Thequarter depicts the crossing of the Delaware River by General George Washington and members of the Colonial Army as they were enroute to important victories during the Revolutionary WarThe actual design is based on an 1851 painting, “Washington Crossing the Delaware” by Emmanuel Leutz currently hanging in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Language: English, others
Largest Cities: (by population) Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, Trenton, Camden
Name: New Jersey was named for the island of Jersey in the English Channel.
Statehood: December 18, 1787 (3rd state)
Symbols of New Jersey
- Animal: horse
- Bird: oriental goldfinch
- Fish: char
- Flag of New Jersey
- Flower: Common Purple Meadow (Viola sororia)
- Fruits: blueberries
- Insect: honey bee
- Motto: “Freedom and Prosperity”
- Nicknames: (most used) New Jersey
- Shell: Pimple Knobbed (Shell Shell)
- Song: “I’m from New Jersey”
- State seal
- Tree: Red Oak
New Jersey is a state in the northeastern United States. Named after the island of Jersey in the English Channel. The third state to join the Union State. Population – 8,899,339 people (2013 data). The capital is Trenton, the largest city is Newark. The official nickname is the Garden State. See cities and towns in New Jersey.
The area of the state is 22,608 km (47th, that is, the fifth from the end, place in the USA). The state is divided into three main areas – North Jersey, Central Jersey and South Jersey.
In ancient times, the territory of the state was inhabited by the Lenape Indians. Dutch settlers began to settle here in the 1630s. Most of what is now New Jersey was then, along with part of the future state of New York, part of the colony of New Netherland, with its capital in New Amsterdam. The region came under English rule in 1664, when a flotilla under the command of Colonel Richard Nicholls entered New York Harbor and captured the Dutch colony.
- AbbreviationFinder: Demonstrates how the two-letter acronym of NJ stands for New Jersey and a list of frequently used abbreviations related to the state of New Jersey.
In 1776, the New Jersey Territory became one of 13 British colonies that rebelled against the mother country. During the Revolutionary War, the state changed hands several times from one belligerent to another, so that later it was called the “Crossroads of the Revolution”.
On December 18, 1787, New Jersey became the third state to join the United States. On November 20, 1789, he was the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
In the last decades of the 20th century, it actually became part of the huge New York agglomeration. The state has a major gambling center – Atlantic City, the only city in the United States, except for Las Vegas, where casinos are allowed to be built on land. Despite the developed infrastructure and high standard of living, there is an intensive outflow of the population, especially whites, to the south of the country, especially to the state of Florida. At the same time, a significant number of migrants continue to arrive in the state, especially from the Latin American region, among them, for example, was Celia Cruz, the famous salsa performer.
According to the US Bureau of Economic Analysis, the state’s GDP was $397 billion in 2003. Five of the state’s counties are among the highest income counties in the United States: Somerset (7th), Morris (10th), Hunterdon (13th). th), Bergen (21st), Monmouth (42nd). The top 100 richest counties in the US include four other counties.
The largest rivers in New Jersey are the Hudson and the Delaware, other rivers are the Maurice, Manascan, Mallika, Musconetcong, Passic, Reriton. Along the east coast is the barrier island of Long Beach.
On December 17, 2007, New Jersey Governor Corzine signed a bill that completely eliminated the death penalty in New Jersey. New Jersey is the third state to pass such legislation. This law was pioneered by the states of Iowa and West Virginia, which passed it in 1965. There are only a few people on death row in New Jersey. One of the most notorious suicide bombers was Jesse Timmendekas, convicted in 1996 of the rape and murder of Megan Kank.