Ohio State Facts, Symbols and History
Ohio Fast Facts
Capital: Columbus (popularity). 755 (2008 est.)
Ohio population: 11,544,225 ( 2012 est.) (7th)
Ohio Quarter: The Ohio Quarter is the second quarter of 2002 and the 17th quarter released in the United States Mint’s 50 State Quarters® Program.Ohio was admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, becoming our Nation’s 17th state. The Ohio Quarter shows the state’s contributions to aviation history by depicting an early airplane and an astronaut.The quarter bears the inscription “Birthplace of Pioneers of Aviation”.Astronauts Neil Armstrong and John Glenn were both born in Ohio, along with Orville Wright, co-inventor of the aircraft. Orville and brother, Wilber, built and tested the 1905 Airman III in Ohio.
Language: English, others
Largest Cities: (by population) Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron, Dayton
Name: Ohio is an Iroquois Indian word reportedly meaning “big river”
Statehood: March 1, 1803 (17th state)
- Animal: white-tailed deer
- Bird: cardinal
- Ohio Flag
- Flower: scarlet carnation
- Gemstone: Ohio flint
- insect: ladybug
- Motto: “With God all things are possible”
- Nicknames: (most used) Ohio State
- Song: “North Dakota Anthem”
- Reptile: black racer
- State seal
- Tree: Ohio Stateman
- Land area:
(land)40,948 sq. miles
(water) 3,875 sq. miles
(TOTAL) 44,823 sq. miles
- Land area: (all states)
- Horizontal Width: 225 miles from the Pennsylvania border (southwest of Youngstown), straight west to the Indiana border
- Vertical Length: 188 miles from Sandusky, immediately south to Portsmouth on the Kentucky borderNote: Maximum lengths and widths are point to point, straight line measurements from the Mercator map projection and will vary some uses of other map projections
- Border States: (5) Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana, and Michigan
- Districts: (88) map
- County: (largest in population) Cuyahoga 1,393,978
- Geographic Center: Located approximately 9 miles northeast of Marysville in Delaware County
- Tallest Point: Campbell Hill, at 1,549 feet.
- Lowest Point: Ohio River, 455 feet. (west of Cincinnati)
- Latitude and longitude
- Average Elevation: 856 ft.
Ohio is a state in the northeastern Midwest of the United States. The state, originally part of the Northwest Territories, was admitted to the United States as the 17th in a row, on March 1, 1803. The state’s official nickname is the Horse Chestnut State. The state capital and largest city is Columbus. Other major cities are Cincinnati and Cleveland. In the United States, the state ranks tenth in terms of population density. See cities and towns in Ohio.
The name “Ohio” comes from the Iroquoian word “ohi-yo”, which means “big river”. The Ohio government consists of the executive branch, headed by the governor, the legislative branch, which includes the Ohio General Assembly, and the judiciary, at the apex of which, in the state, is the Supreme Court. Ohio’s representatives currently hold 18 seats in the US House of Representatives.
On the territory of Ohio is the Serpent Mound – an ancient monument of Indian earthen architecture. In ancient times, the Aden, Hopewell, and Fort Einshent cultures were successively represented in the Ohio territory, the ethnicity of which is unclear. Over time, the territory of Ohio was settled by representatives of the Algonquian peoples (mostly), as well as the Sioux and the Iroquois.
- AbbreviationFinder: Demonstrates how the two-letter acronym of OH stands for Ohio and a list of frequently used abbreviations related to the state of Ohio.
The development of the territory of Ohio by Europeans began with French settlers in the 18th century, who founded a number of settlements to purchase furs from the local Indian population. After the war between Great Britain and France in 1755-1763. the territory of Ohio fell under the control of the British, and subsequently, following the results of the Versailles Peace Treaty of 1783, it became the property of the colonists who won the War of Independence.
From just over 45,000 residents in 1800, Ohio’s population grew at a rate of over 10% per decade. At the time of the 1970 census, there were just over 10,650,000 Ohioans enrolled. Growth then slowed over the next three decades, and about 11,350,000 residents lived in Ohio in 2000. As of July 1, 2011, the state’s population was estimated at 11,544,951 (according to the US Census Bureau). Population growth in Ohio lags behind all other states.