President George Bush Turnpike, Texas
According to Biotionary, the President George Bush Turnpike (PGBT) is a turnpike or toll road in the U.S. state of Texas. The interstate connects the northern and western suburbs of Dallas. The toll road is named after George Herbert Walker Bush, the US president who ruled from 1989 to 1993. The George Bush Turnpike is 89 kilometers long.
The Bush Turnpike at Carrollton.
The President George Bush Turnpike arcs through the northern and western suburbs of Dallas, from I-30 east of Garland to I-20 south of Grande Prairie. The highway runs through the major suburbs of Dallas, such as Garland, Plano, Carrollton, Irving and Grande Prairie. Most of the Bush Turnpike has 2×4 lanes, large parts also have frontage roads. The interstate intersects several major highways in the Dallas area through major interchanges, such as US 75, the Dallas North Tollway, Interstate 35E, and SH 183, plus I-20 and I-30.
The George Bush Turnpike is an electronic toll road. The highway is an important corridor for inter-suburban traffic, as well as providing indirect access to the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, which it passes a short distance east of. The Bush Turnpike is usually located 20 to 25 kilometers outside the center of Dallas.
The President George Bush Turnpike falls under two road numbers. The portion west of I-35E is numbered State Highway 161 and east of it as State Highway 190. In fact, the road number applies only to the frontage roads and the President George Bush Turnpike itself is unnumbered.
The interchange with I-635.
State Highway 161
SH 161 was added to the state highway network in 1977, serving as a north-south route from I-20 to SH 114 in western Dallas County. In 1979 the route was extended a short distance to I-635. Another extension followed in 1988, to I-35E in Carrollton. In 1998 SH 161 was formally split into two parts, the intermediate part of the frontage roads between Belt Line Road and I-635 then formally no longer became part of SH 161. The route was then routed over the main carriageways of the Bush Turnpike.
State Highway 190
In 1977, SH 190 was added to the state highway network as an east-west route from I-35E to SH 78 in Garland. In 1991, the route was extended along the northeast side of Dallas, from SH 78 to I-20. Since 1995, only the frontage roads of the Bush Turnpike have been numbered as SH 190.
President George Bush Turnpike
The old road “number” shield.
The corridor and turnpike was first proposed as a Dallas bypass in 1957. In 1964 it was decided to turn it into a freeway, as Loop 9, and would circle all of Dallas. In 1977 this ring road was fired as a plan, and construction of the first frontage roads did not begin until 1988 in Garland and Richardson. A major junction followed in 1990with the US 75. In 1995 the toll road was approved, which freed up money for the construction. The first section of toll road only opened in 1998, leaving the large interchange in Richardson unused for nearly 8 years. In 1993 and 1994, however, two short stretches of freeway were opened, east and west of Dallas. Further extensions were opened in 2000 and 2001, and a section to the airport opened in 2005. On December 21, 2011, the eastbound extension to I-30 in Rowlett opened to traffic. Construction cost nearly $1 billion because of the bridge over Ray Hubbard Lake. On October 15, 2012, the as yet final section between I-20 and I-30 through Grande Prairie opened.
In 2014-2015, a left-hand rush -hour lane was constructed in Irving over a 10-kilometre stretch in both directions, from Conflans Road to SH 114. This is comparable to a plus lane. They were first deployed on September 14, 2015. Traffic flow improved significantly, with average rush hour speed increasing from 31 to 66 mph.
Work began in 2015 to widen the President George Bush Turnpike through the northern suburbs to 2×4 lanes. A wide central reservation was available for the widening, so that the work could be carried out quickly and cheaply. On November 14, 2016, Phase 1 between US 75 and the Dallas North Tollway opened with 2×4 lanes. On October 23, 2018, 2×4 lanes opened between US 75 and SH 78. On July 9, 2019, the 4th lane opened between Frankford Road and the Dallas North Tollway. On December 24, 2019, the widening between the Dallas North Tollway to I-35E was completed.
On August 1, 2019, the turnpike widening between I-35E and Belt Line Road, the westernmost portion of the toll road, began. This section opened in October 2021. A separate project is the widening of SH 161 between SH 183 and Belt Line Road in Irving to 2×4 lanes. This section currently has 2×3 lanes, of which the left lane is a narrower ‘interim lane’ ( plus lane ). The project is 9 kilometers long. The widening is in line with the widening of the toll road section of the President George Bush Turnpike. The widening to I-20 was completed in April 2022.
|Fire Road||SH 78||1.5 km||00-00-1993|
|SH 183||Belt Line Road||5.5 km||00-00-1994|
|Midway Road||Preston Road||4.5 km||04-12-1998|
|Preston Road||Coit Road||3.1 km||30-06-1999|
|Coit Road||Campbell Road||12.2 km||21-12-1999|
|Campbell Road||Fire Road||3.1 km||29-04-2000|
|Marsh Lane||Midway Road||1.7 km||00-03-2001|
|I-35E||Marsh Lane||7.9 km||31-07-2001|
|Belt Line Road||I-635||6.1 km||21-12-2001|
|I-30||SH 183||10.0 km||02-08-2009|
|SH 78||I-30||16.0 km||21-12-2011|
It stacks with SH 183 in Irving.
Rowlett – Mesquite
A study is underway to see if the President George Bush Turnpike on the east side of the region could be extended southward from I-30 to I-20. The first studies were carried out as early as 1969. The missing part is 17 kilometers long.
Mesquite – Midlothian
There are also plans to extend the road to US 287, with a speed limit of 85 mph, 135 kph.
The data below concerns intensities at a mainline toll gantry (MLTG).
|–||Main Lane Plaza 5: Rowlett||47,500||66,200|
|–||Main Lane Plaza 6: Richardson||50,000||68,900||83,000|
|–||Mainlane Plaza 7: Plano||117,000||145,900||151,900|
|–||Main Lane Plaza 8: Carrollton||99,000||119,900||117,900|
|–||Main Lane Plaza 9: Carrollton||65,000||98,200||109,900|
|–||Main Lane Plaza 10: Irving||44,000||83,600||109,200|
The President George Bush Turnpike is a toll road operated by the North Texas Tollway Authority. A small section in Irving is toll-free between SH 183 and Beltline Road for about 9 kilometers.
The toll can be paid with a TollTag or with the ZipCash system, whereby the owner of the vehicle will be sent an invoice. It is no longer possible to pay cash at the toll gates themselves.
|SH 183||SH 114||2×3||left lane is a rush hour lane|