Wyoming State Facts, Symbols and History
Wyoming Fast Facts
Capital: Cheyenne (popularity). 55,995 (2010 est.)
Wyoming Population: 576,412 ( 2012 est.) (50th)
Wyoming Quarter: The fourth quarter commemorative coin issued in 2007 honors Wyoming and is the 44th coin in the United States Mint’s 50 State Quarters® Program.Wyoming was admitted to the Union on July 10, 1890, becoming our National 44th State. The Wyoming Quarter features a bucking horse with a rider. The inscriptions include “Equality State”, “Wyoming” and “1890”.Wyoming’s Wild West heritage is depicted as a bucking horse and its rider. Fort Laramie, first settled by fur hunters, has become a popular destination for pioneers traveling the Oregon Trail.The nickname “Equality State” comes from Wyoming’s historic role in establishing equal voting rights for women. Wyoming was the first territory to grant “women’s suffrage” and became the first state in the Nation to allow women to vote, serve on juries, and hold government office.
Language: English, others
Largest Cities: (by population) Cheyenne, Casper, Laramie, Gillette, Rock Springs, Sheridan
Name: The name was taken from two Delaware Indian Words: Mecheweami – Meadow. The translation reportedly means ” great plains ” or “great plain”.
Statehood: July 10, 1890 (44th state)
- Animal: American buffalo (or bison)
- Bird: Western Meadowlark
- Flag of West Virginia
- Flower: Indian brush
- Motto: “Equal Rights”
- Nicknames: (most used) Equality State; state of Wormwood; cowboy state
- Reptile: horned toad
- Song: “Wyoming”
- State seal
- Wood: Cottonwood
Wyoming is a mountainous state in the western United States, part of the group of so-called Mountain States. The population is 568,168 people (50th, that is, the last place among the US states, data for 2011). The state with the lowest population density in the country (1.8 people per km).
The capital and largest city is Cheyenne. The official nicknames are the Equality State and the Cowboy State. See cities and towns in Wyoming.
Wyoming covers an area of 253.3 thousand km (10th among the states). It is limited (like its neighbors Utah and Colorado) only by lines of latitude and longitude, and, like Colorado, forms a regular “rectangle” in the projection. Wyoming borders Montana to the north, South Dakota and Nebraska to the east, Colorado and Utah to the south, and Idaho to the west.
The western part of Wyoming is occupied by the Rocky Mountains; the highest point is Gannet Peak (4207 m). Average height above sea level (2042 m). The eastern part of the state is part of the Great Plains, intersected by the Black Hills; in the southwest are the plains of the Wyoming Plateau. The main rivers are the Yellowstone, Green and Snake.
- AbbreviationFinder: Demonstrates how the two-letter acronym of WY stands for Wyoming and a list of frequently used abbreviations related to the state of Wyoming.
About 16% of the territory of the state is covered with forests, among the valuable species of trees there are lodgepole pine, Douglas, aspen poplar.
The climate is sharply continental, cool and dry.
Traditionally, the Crow, Blackfoot, Salish, Shoshone, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Sioux Indian tribes lived in the state. Archaeologists have discovered traces of human habitation in the state dating back to the 7th millennium BC. e.
In 1803, the territory of Wyoming was ceded to the United States under the terms of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1807, the western regions of Wyoming were first explored by John Colter, although it is possible that even earlier, in the 1790s, there were French hunters.
In 1827, Jim Bridger opened the so-called South Passage, or South Pass through the Rocky Mountains.
In 1842, the expedition of John Fremont passed through the South Pass, after which one of the most important routes from the east to the Pacific coast was laid through Wyoming.
In 1869, the authorities of Wyoming (then a territory) granted women the right to vote for the first time in the United States, for which Wyoming was nicknamed the State of Equality. An important role in the development and urbanization of Wyoming was played by the construction of the Union Pacific railroad.
On July 10, 1890, Wyoming became the 44th state in the country. At the same time, the state constitution was adopted. Now only the Shoshone and the Arapaho remain in the state on the Wind River Reservation.
Wyoming is rich in minerals (oil, natural gas, coal, uranium, the world’s largest reservoir deposits of natural soda), and the mining industry has traditionally dominated the state’s economy. Oil production began in the 1880s. Uranium deposits discovered in 1918 have been actively exploited since the 1950s. Tourism is one of the state’s main sources of income. Major local attractions are Yellowstone National Park and Grand Teton National Park.
Due to the significant barter of mined minerals for goods produced in other states, Wyoming’s economy is often referred to as a “colonial type” economy. A prominent place in this barter trade is also occupied by agricultural products (cattle, wool, sugar).
In preparing the material, articles from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, were used.